Urinary incontinence is a common bladder health problem that disproportionately affects women, especially midlife women. In the absence of alarming signs or symptoms, a step-wise evaluation aligned with patient treatment preferences is appropriate. Initial interventions can include simple behavior therapies, lifestyle modifications, and toileting habits. Systemic medication, surgery, and specialty treatment also can be offered.
University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.
Received 4 July, 2019
Revised 8 August, 2019
Accepted 8 August, 2019