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Adaptation and translation of the menopause-specific Utian Quality of Life (UQOL) scale to Yoruba language using middle-aged women attending a clinic in Nigeria

Aberi, Obalowu Ismaila, MD, FWACP1; Okebunor, Odeigah Louis, MD, FWACP2; Moradeyo, Alabi Kola, MD, FWACP2; Ademola, Ayinmode Babatunde, MD, FWACP2; Utian, Wulf H., MD, PhD, DSc(Med), FRCOG3

doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001204
Original Articles

Objective: The main objective of the study is to translate and adapt the menopause-specific Utian Quality of Life (UQOL) scale to Yoruba, an indigenous Nigerian language, using middle-aged women attending a Family Medicine clinic in Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 322 middle-aged Nigerian women at various menopausal stages were recruited for the study. Their menopausal status was categorized using the Monash Women's Health Program Menopausal Staging Algorithm into pre-, peri-, and postmenopausal groups. The UQOL Yoruba version (YUQOL), Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), and a semistructured sociodemographic questionnaire were interviewer-administered to the women. The collected data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 21 software.

Results: The overall scale and the four subscales of YUQOL all had acceptable internal consistency scores; they also demonstrated good construct and criterion validities, except the YUQOL sexual subscale had poor convergent validity (average variance extracted = 0.23).

Conclusions: This study has validated the YUQOL as a psychometrically sound research instrument for measuring menopause-specific QOL among women undergoing menopausal transition. Its sexual subscale would, however, need to be further tested, preferably in sexually active menopausal women to fully confirm its true psychometric property.

1General Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

2University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

3Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Address correspondence to: Obalowu Ismaila Aberi, MD, FWACP, General Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria. E-mail:

Received 21 April, 2018

Revised 14 August, 2018

Accepted 14 August, 2018

Funding/support: None.

Financial disclosure/conflicts of interests: None reported.

© 2019 by The North American Menopause Society.