We conducted a case-control study to investigate the associations of functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) gene (rs2393799, rs7958311, rs1718119, rs2230911, and rs3751143) with obesity and overweight in a population of Chinese postmenopausal women.
Our study included 180 obese women, 179 overweight women, and 204 controls. All participants were genotyped at the P2X7R rs2393799, rs7958311, rs1718119, rs2230911, and rs3751143 loci via allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism procedures. The relationships between P2X7R genetic polymorphisms and their associated haplotypes with obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2] and overweight (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2) were evaluated.
Our results showed that P2X7R rs2230911G and rs1718119A were associated with an increased risk of obesity; in particular, both carriers of the rs2230911G allele and GG/(CG + GG) genotypes (G vs C, P < 0.001, odds ratio [OR] 2.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.98-4.16; GG vs CC, P < 0.001, OR 8.76, 95% CI 3.29-23.35; CG + GG vs CC, P < 0.001, OR 2.54, 95% CI 1.63-3.95) and carriers of the rs17181191A allele and GA/(GA + AA) genotypes (A vs G, P < 0.001, OR 2.97, 95% CI 1.86-4.74; GA vs GG, P = 0.001, OR 2.72, 95% CI 1.55-4.79; GA + AA vs GG, P < 0.001, OR 3.05, 95% CI 1.79-5.19) were at a higher risk of obesity. No association with obesity or overweight was observed for the other three P2X7R polymorphisms (rs2393799, rs7958311, and rs3751143). Haplotype analysis indicated that P2X7R rs1718119A-rs2230911G-rs3751143C appeared to be a significant risk haplotype with obesity (P = 0.0005, OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.45-3.90).
P2X7R functional genetic polymorphisms and their estimated haplotypes are associated with obesity in Chinese postmenopausal women.