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Quality of life in a large cohort of mid-aged Colombian women assessed using the Cervantes Scale

Monterrosa-Castro, Alvaro MD1; Romero-Pérez, Ivette MD2; Marrugo-Flórez, Martha MD3; Fernández-Alonso, Ana María MD, PhD4; Chedraui, Peter MD, MSc5; Pérez-López, Faustino R. MD, PhD6

doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e318247908d
Original Articles

Objective The aim of this study was to assess quality of life (QoL) in a cohort of mid-aged Colombian women using the Cervantes Scale (CS).

Methods In this cross-sectional study, 1,739 healthy women aged 40 to 59 years were asked to simultaneously fill out the CS and a questionnaire containing general female demographic data. The CS includes four domains: menopause and health (15 items), psychological (9 items), sexuality (4 items), and couple relationship (3 items). In addition, the menopause and health domain includes three subdomains: vasomotor symptoms, health, and aging. The global CS score may range from 0 to 155 (from better to worse QoL).

Results Multiple linear regression determined that CS scores (global and domains) significantly increased (therefore, worse QoL) with age, menopause status, body mass index, parity, race, and marital and working status. The CS displayed a high internal consistency as Cronbach α values for the global and domain scores were above 0.80.

Conclusions This is the first study to report QoL assessment using the CS among mid-aged Latin American women from Colombia in whom age, menopause status, body mass index, and other personal factors influenced QoL.

From the 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Grupo de Investigación Salud de la Mujer, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia; 2Grupo de Investigación Salud de la Mujer, Cali, Colombia; 3Grupo de Investigación Salud de la Mujer, Barranquilla, Colombia; 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Torrecárdenas, Almería, Spain; 5Instituto de Biomedicina, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Católica de Guayaquil, Guayaquil, Ecuador; and 6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Received September 28, 2011; revised and accepted December 20, 2011.

Preliminary data of this study have been presented as a poster at The North American Menopause Society Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, September 21-24, 2011.

Funding/support: This study was funded by the CAVIMEC Calidad de Vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas (CAVIMEC) research project sponsored through a grant to A.M.-C. provided by the Vice-Rectoría de Investigación de la Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia.

Financial disclosure/conflicts of interest: None reported.

Address correspondence to: Faustino R. Pérez-López, MD, PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Zaragoza Hospital Clínico, Domingo Miral s/n, Zaragoza 50009, Spain. E-mail:

©2012The North American Menopause Society