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The effects of personality traits on quality of life

Bal, Meltem Demirgöz PhD; Sahin, Nevin Hotun PhD

doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e31821e2494
Original Studies

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of women’s personality traits and some sociodemographic variables on quality of life (QoL).

Methods This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted among 320 Turkish women aged between 45 and 64 years who attended the Menopausal Polyclinic. Data were collected from the Turkish version of the Cervantes Personality Scale and the Turkish version of the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire.

Results The mean (SD) age of the participants was 51.8 (5.3) years. The average (SD) age since menopause was found to be 46 (3.3) years. The menopausal QoL was correlated with education status, income level, working status, exercise routine, chronic health problems, family’s/friends’ support, and negative life events. Logistic regression analyses showed that the QoL in vasomotor, psychological, and sexual domains were 6.1, 9.2, and 11.4 times, respectively, lower in neurotic women than in emotionally stable women. In addition, the QoL in sexual domains were 3.3 times lower in introverted women than in extraverted women.

Conclusion These findings indicate that higher levels of introversion and higher levels of neuroticism lead to lower QoL among postmenopausal women. The results of this study support the hypothesis that personality would play an important role in women’s QoL during the transition period of menopause.

From the Department of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey.

Received January 26, 2011; revised and accepted April 5, 2011.

Funding/support: This study has no financial support.

Financial disclosure/conflicts of interest: None reported.

Address correspondence to: Meltem Demirgöz Bal, PhD, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Higher Health School, Karaman 70500, Karaman, Turkey. E-mail:

©2011The North American Menopause Society