To evaluate whether the frequency of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms increases in menopause patients after a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure, and to determine if topical estrogen therapy can help prevent these symptoms.
After undergoing a preoperative assessment, enrolled patients were randomly allocated to receive TVT plus postoperative vaginal estrogen therapy (ET group) or TVT without adjunctive medical treatment (No ET group). The pre- and postoperative assessments included: acquisition of a urogynecologic history with standardized questions regarding urinary function (including a 10-grade visual analogue scale score), urogynecologic clinical examination, and urodynamic assessment. Follow-up assessments were performed at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery.
Fifty-six of 59 patients were evaluable; 28 received topic vaginal estrogen after surgery (ET group) and 28 did not receive adjunctive medical treatment (No ET group). The overall OAB syndrome rate in menopause patients (No ET group) was 7% (2 of 28 patients) at baseline and 32% (9 of 28 patients) 6 months after surgery (P = 0.04). At the 6-month follow-up assessment, the incidence of urinary urgency was 4% (1 of 28 patients) and 29% (8 of 28 patients) in the ET and No ET groups, respectively (P = 0.01). Differences in frequency and nocturia were not statistically significant. Analysis of the visual analogue scale scores revealed that at the 6-month follow-up assessment, urgency significantly improved in the ET group compared with the No ET group (0.23 ± 1.0 vs 2.30 ± 3.7, respectively; P = 0.02).
The TVT procedure seems to increase the frequency of OAB syndrome in menopause patients. Vaginal estriol therapy significantly reduces symptoms of urinary urgency, has a high rate of patient satisfaction, and can be used to treat postmenopausal women for at least 6 months after a TVT procedure.