To evaluate endometrial thickness and the incidence of uterine bleeding in postmenopausal women using either tibolone 2.5 mg or continuous combined 2 mg estradiol and 1 mg norethisterone acetate (E+NETA) daily as hormone replacement therapy.
We compared diary records of self-reported uterine bleeding and measurements of endometrial thickness, area, and volume by transvaginal sonography at baseline and after 1. 3, 6, and 12 months in a 1-year, prospective, randomized, double-blind, single-center trial of 100 postmenopausal women aged 46-69 years. Bleeding frequencies and endometrial thickness were assessed by Chi-square tests and analysis of covariance, respectively.
Self-reported bleeding was significantly less in the tibolone group. Bleeding episodes were reported by 27.7% of women in the tibolone group and by 59.2% in the E + NETA group. The mean number of days with bleeding was 5.8 ± 27.0 in the tibolone group and 35.6 ± 58.6 in the E+NETA group. Six women in the tibolone group and seven in the E+NETA group discontinued the study: three in the E+NETA group because of bleeding. The mean endometrial thickness at baseline was 2.56 ± 0.81 mm in the tibolone group and 2.58 ± 1.04 mm in the E+NETA group. After 1 year, the corresponding figures were 3.32 ± 1.58 mm and 3.07 ± 1.68 mm. Thus, 86% of women in the tibolone group and 93% in the E + NETA group had an endometrial thickness of less than 5 mm.
Use of tibolone 2.5 mg daily for 1 year was associated with significantly less bleeding and spotting compared with daily continuous combined 2 mg estradiol and 1 mg norethisterone acetate in postmenopausal women in the presence of both minimal and nonprogressive increase of endometrial thickness associated with the two regimens.
Received April 16,1999;revised and accepted July 22,1999.
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster. Germany;
2Faculty of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain; and Organon. Oss, The Netherlands.
Address reprint requests to Dr. Martina Dören at Kings College Hospital. Academic. Department of Family Planning. Denmark Hill. London SE59RS. United Kingdom.