The aim of the current study is to assess the performance of some of the imaging scans recommended in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines as part of baseline staging for cutaneous melanoma, regarding the detection of lung, brain, bone, and liver metastases. Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database (2010–2015) was used to extract the data, and cases with cutaneous melanoma and complete information about TN stages and sites of distant metastases were explored. Performance parameters assessed in the current study included positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value, sensitivity, specificity, number needed to investigate (NNI), and accuracy. A total of 109 971 patients were included in the analysis. If all stage III patients in the study cohort are to be staged through routine imaging, PPV (for the recognition of lung metastases) will be 2.9% and NNI to detect one case of lung metastasis will be 34. Likewise, PPV (for the recognition of bone metastases) will be 1.8% and NNI to detect one case of bone metastasis will be 55. Moreover, PPV (for the recognition of liver metastases) will be 1.8% and NNI to detect one case of liver metastasis will be 55. Excluding stage III patients with clinically node-negative/sentinel node-positive disease would improve PPV and decrease NNI for the three metastatic sites. Adherence to current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for cutaneous melanoma imaging for baseline staging results in low rates of failure to detect asymptomatic lung, liver, brain, or bone metastases.
aDepartment of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
bDepartment of Oncology, University of Calgary, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Correspondence to Omar Abdel-Rahman, MD, Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 Tel: +1 403 918 9779; fax: +1 403 270 8419; e-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Received July 24, 2018
Accepted September 18, 2018