Original ArticlesHistological, immunological and molecular features of a nasal mucosa primary melanoma associated with nasal melanosisHofbauer, G. F. L.; Böni, R.; Simmen, D.; Mihic, D.; Nestle, F. O.; Burg, G.; Dummer, R.*Author Information Departments of Dermatology (G. F. L. Hofbauer, R. Böni, F. O. Nestle, G. Burg, R. Dummer), Pathology (D. Mihic) and Otorhinolaryngology (D. Simmen), Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital, Gloriastrasse 31, 8091 Zürich, Switzerland. Tel: (+41) 1 255 25 07; Fax: (+41) 1 255 89 88; Email: [email protected] *To whom correspondence should be addressed (Received 10 April 2001;accepted in revised form 5 June 2001) Melanoma Research: February 2002 - Volume 12 - Issue 1 - p 77-82 Buy Abstract Nasal mucosa melanoma is a rare entity that may occur together with nasal melanosis. The histological and immunological features and loss of heterozygosity analysis of such lesions have not been reported to date. In the study presented here short-term cell cultures were established from the patient's melanoma and subsequent relapses. Histology, immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, human leukocyte antigen analysis, microdissection with subsequent polymerase chain reaction for analysis of loss of heterozygosity were used to characterize the tumour and other cells. Melanoma of the nasal cavity was found, with a surrounding proliferation of atypical melanocytes corresponding to nasal melanosis. Immunoreactivity was found for S-100, gp100, tyrosinase and MelanA protein. Loss of heterozygosity for a p16-flanking marker was found in the tumour and the melanotic cells. Short-term cell cultures expressed tyrosinase and MUC18 at the mRNA level and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and interleukin-12 receptor at the protein level. This is the first time short-term cell cultures have been established and analysed from such a tumour. Melanoma-associated antigens were identified within the tumour. The melanoma and the melanotic cells showed loss of heterozygosity for the p16 gene, which is implicated in melanoma development. This points to a common origin in tumorigenesis. Pathways of tumour escape, such as expression of CD54 and interleukin-10, were observed. The clinical, immunological and molecular features suggest that nasal melanosis should be followed closely. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.