Original Articlesα-Melanocyte stimulating hormone can reduce T-cell interaction with melanoma cells in vitroHedley, S. J.; Murray, A.; Sisley, K.; Ghanem, G.; Morandini, R.; Gawkrodger, D. J.; Mac Neil, S.*Author Information Section of Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK. Fax: (+44) 0114 261 9890 (S.J. Hedley, S. Mac Neil). Institute for Cancer Studies, G Floor, Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK (A. Murray, K. Sisley). Laboratory of Oncology and Experimental Surgery, LOCE Institut Bordet, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Rue Héger-Bordet 1, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium (G. Ghanem, R. Morandini). Sir Rupert Hallam Department of Dermatology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK (D. J. Gawkrodger). *To whom correspondence should be addressed Received 1 February 2000; accepted in revised form 17 April 2000 Melanoma Research: August 2000 - Volume 10 - Issue 4 - p 323-330 Buy Abstract This study was undertaken to investigate whether α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (αMSH) influences the interaction of melanoma cells with T-lymphocytes in the light of previous work from our laboratories showing that αMSH can reduce tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulated ICAM-1 upregulation in both normal and transformed melanocytes. Two cutaneous melanoma cell lines– A375-SM and HBL– were examined initially. A375-SM cells gave only a two-fold increase in T-cell proliferation, which was not much improved by the pretreatment of the melanoma cells with cytokines. HBL cells induced a three-fold increase in T-cell proliferation, which was slightly enhanced by the addition of cytokines. Neither cell line expressed B71. HBL cells expressed a low level of B72, whereas A375-SM cells had little, if any, B72 expression. Addition of αMSH reduced the interaction between these cutaneous melanoma cells and T-lymphocytes in some, but not all, conditions. An ocular melanoma cell line transfected with B7 showed a modest interaction with T-cells (in two out of three donors) and this response was reduced by the addition of αMSH. Pretreatment of the transfected line with cytokines markedly enhanced stimulation of T-cell proliferation by these tumour cells, and αMSH reduced the interaction between melanoma cells and T-cells for two out of three donors. In summary, under experimental conditions where melanoma cell stimulation of T-cells occurred (generally pretreatment of the cells with interferon-γ gave the most convincing response), αMSH reduced this response in the majority of experiments, providing preliminary evidence to confirm the hypothesis that MSH may assist melanoma cells to evade interaction with immune cells. © 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.