Original Articles: PDF OnlyHNK-1 antigens on uveal and cutaneous melanoma cell linesTang, N E M L1; Luyten, G P M1; Mooy, C M1,2; Naus, N C1; de Jong, P T V M1; Luider, T M1Author Information 1Departments of Ophthalmology Erasmus University, Hoboken, Ee 993, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 2Departments of Pathology Erasmus University, Hoboken, Ee 993, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Melanoma Research: December 1996 - Volume 6 - Issue 6 - p 411-418 Buy Abstract The HNK-1 epitope has been associated with the metastatic behaviour of uveal melanomas. We characterized HNK-1 antigens on four human uveal (primary and metastatic) and two primary cutaneous melanoma cell lines by immunocytochemistry and Western blot analysis. We also determined the involvement of the HNK-1 epitope in cell-cell interactions on a matrigel layer. Three uveal melanoma cell lines (one primary and two metastatic) and one cutaneous melanoma cell line showed HNK-1 expression by immunocytochemistry. On matrigel, only the HNK-1-positive cutaneous melanoma cell line Bowes grew in a honeycomb-like structure which disappeared after adding HNK-1 antibodies to the culture medium. Immunoblot analysis of the primary uveal melanoma cell line EOM-3 revealed five HNK-1-positive protein bands with apparent molecular weights of 200, 160,115, 95 and 75 kDa. The cutaneous melanoma cell line Bowes showed three HNK-1-positive protein bands with apparent molecular weights of 150, 135 and 90 kDa. This study shows that two uveal (primary and metastatic) and one primary cutaneous melanoma cell lines express HNK-1 antigens on immunoblot. Only in the HNK-1-positive cutaneous melanoma cell line Bowes did the HNK-1 epitope have a function in intercellular adhesion. Although the primary uveal melanoma cell line EOM-3 showed a similar HNK-1 immunoreactivity, we could not demonstrate HNK-1- mediated cell adhesion. On immunoblot, the two cell lines displayed different HNK-1 antigens, which may explain the difference in cell adhesion. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.