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Information for Authors

Note: These instructions comply with those formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). For further details, authors should consult the following article: International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" New Engl J Med 1997, 336:309–315. The complete document appears at

Middle East Current Psychiatry (MECPsych) is one of the Middle East's leading psychiatric journals. It covers all branches of the subject, with particular emphasis on the clinical aspects of each topic. MECPsych is committed to keeping the field of psychiatry in the Middle East updated and relevant by publishing the latest advances in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. MECPsych publishes high-quality, scientific articles in English, representing clinical and experimental work in psychiatry. The journal acts as an international forum for the dissemination of information advancing the science and practice of psychiatry, MECPsych encourages articles in compliance with the Madrid and Helsinki Declarations.

Original articles are welcomed, especially those that bring new knowledge or extend the present understanding of mental disorders. Equal priority is given to review articles. All manuscripts published have been assessed by at least two experienced international referees.

The ultimate responsibility for any decision lies with the Editor-in-Chief, to whom any appeals against rejection should be addressed.

Covering letter
A cover letter should accompany your submission. A standard letter is available on the journal’s submission site, or you can submit your own version. Please use the letter to explain why your manuscript should be published in the journal and to elaborate on any issues relating to our editorial policies detailed in these instructions.

Redundant or duplicate publication
We ask you to confirm that your paper has not been published in its current form or a substantially similar form (in print or electronically, including on a web site), that it has not been accepted for publication elsewhere, and that it is not under consideration by another publication. The ICMJE has provided details of what is and what is not duplicate or redundant publication. If you are in doubt (particularly in the case of material that you have posted on a web site), we ask you to proceed with your submission but to include a copy of the relevant previously published work or work under consideration by other journals. In your covering letter to the editors, draw attention to any published work that concerns the same patients or subjects as the present paper.

Conflicts of interest
MECPsych requires authors to state all possible conflicts of interest, including financial and other relationships on a separate line in the Acknowledgements section of the paper. If you are sure that there is no conflict of interest, please state so. The ICMJE provides further information on conflicts of interest. Remember that sources of funding should also be acknowledged in your paper on a separate line (see paragraph: Acknowledgements).

Permissions to reproduce previously published material
MECPsych requires you to send us copies of permission to reproduce material (such as illustrations) from the copyright holder of the previously published material. Articles cannot be published without these permissions.

Patient consent forms
The protection of a patient's right to privacy is essential. Please send copies of patients’ consent forms on which patients or other subjects of your experiments clearly grant permission for the publication of photographs or other material that might identify them. If the consent form for your research did not specifically include this, please obtain it or remove the identifying material. A statement to the effect that such consent had been obtained should be included in the 'Methods' section of your paper.

Ethics committee approval
Submission of a manuscript to MECPsych implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that any experimental research that is reported in the manuscript has been performed with the approval of an appropriate ethics committee. Research carried out on humans must be in compliance with the Madrid and Helsink Declarations. A statement to this effect must appear in the Methods section, including the name of the body which gave approval. Informed consent must also be documented. Similarly, for experiments involving animals you must state the care of animal and licensing guidelines under which the study was performed. If ethics clearance was not necessary, or if there was any deviation from these standard ethical requests, please state why it was not required. Please note that the editors may ask you to provide evidence of ethical approval. If you have approval from a National Drug Agency (or similar) please state this and provide details, this can be particularly useful when discussing the use of unlicensed drugs. Manuscripts may be rejected if the editorial office considers that the research has not been carried out within an ethical framework.

We ask that all authors sign the covering letter. We ask all authors to confirm that they have read and approved the paper. Second, we ask all authors to confirm that they have met the criteria for authorship as established by the ICMJE, believe that the paper represents honest work, and are able to verify the validity of the results reported.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article. Authorship credit should be based only on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2 and 3 must all be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship. All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the Acknowledgements section.

Copyright assignment
Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that exclusive copyright in the paper is assigned to the Publisher. Authors are asked to sign a copyright assignment form at the revision stage and to submit it with their revised manuscript. Without the signed copyright form, the manuscript cannot be published. Authors may use material from their paper in other works published by them.

Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review. All manuscripts and materials must be submitted through the web-based tracking system at A covering letter should be included in the submission as a 'supporting document'. The site contains instructions and advice on how to use the system. Authors should NOT in addition then post a hard copy submission to the editorial office, unless you are supplying artwork, letters or files that cannot be submitted electronically, or have been instructed to do so by the editorial office. Include the following where appropriate: subject consent forms; transfer of copyright form; permission to reproduce previously published material.

The manuscript should include the following sections, each starting on a separate page: Title Page, Abstract and Keywords, Text, Conflict of interests, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Figures, captions, Statistics, and Arabic summary. Two letter abbreviations should be avoided. Longer abbreviations should be defined on their first appearance in the text; those not accepted by international bodies should be avoided.


Title Page
The Title Page should carry the full title of the paper (be specific, clear and limit to two lines with no abbreviations) and a short title to be used as a 'running head' (and which should be so identified). Please, include the study design in the title; for instance, "randomized trial", or "systematic review". The first name, middle initial and last name of each author and their affiliations should appear. Academic degrees should not be stated. If the work is to be attributed to a department or institution, its full name should be included. The name and address of the corresponding author and the name and address of the author to whom requests for reprints should be made should also appear on the Title Page.

Structured Abstract
The second page should carry an abstract, which will be printed at the beginning of the paper and should not be more than 250 words. The abstract should state the background or objective, methods, results, and conclusions, with an emphasis on the new aspects of the study. The abstract should be usable as it stands by abstracting journals. Because of this it should contain some numerical data (if appropriate), not just statistical statements, and it should not contain abbreviations or references.

Key Words
The abstract should be followed by a list of 3–10 key words or short phrases which will assist the cross-indexing of the article. When possible, the terms used should be from the Medical Subject Headings list of the National Library of Medicine.

The remainder of the text should be divided into sections headed Introduction, Materials and Methods (including ethical and statistical information), Results, and Discussion (including a conclusion). Other descriptive headings and sub-headings may be used if appropriate. Contents of the study should be presented as clearly and as concisely as possible.

Conflicts of Interest
You must make reference to any conflicts of interest related to this study. If there are no conflicts of interest, please state: none.

The acknowledgements section should contain three distinct statements:

  1. Assistance with the study. Acknowledgements should be made only to those who have made a substantial contribution to the study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from people acknowledged by name in case readers infer their endorsement of data and conclusions.
  2. Financial support and sponsorship. You must make reference to any funding bodies, or sponsorship of any type. If there are no financial support or sponsorship, please state: none.

For example:
We would like to thank Dr John A. Smith for his assistance with the study. This work was supported by the Department of Anaesthesiology, London Hospital, London, UK.

Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text, tables and legends using numerals. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration.

Use the Vancouver reference system as adopted by the U.S. National Library of Medicine ensuring that all journal titles conform to Index Medicus approved abbreviations.

Avoid citing abstracts unless from a MEDLINE or EMBASE indexed journal. Unpublished observations and personal communications should not be used as references, although references to written (not verbal) communications may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text. Manuscripts that have been accepted but not yet published (e.g. Epub ahead of print) should be included in the list, followed by (in press). Information from manuscripts not yet accepted may be cited only in the text as (unpublished observations). Authors should verify references against the original documents before submitting the article.

Electronic or online references should be cited in the reference list only if the material referenced is a specific article (e.g. a paper published in a web-based journal); see below for correct style. Less specific references (e.g. the web pages of societies, organisations and university departments) should not appear in the references, instead the URL should be cited in full in the text.

Authors must confirm that the details of these references are accurate and complete. In the full list of references give the names and initials of all authors. If there are more than six, cite only the first three names followed by et al. The authors' names are followed by the title of the article: the title of the journal (italics) abbreviated according to the style of Index Medicus: the year of publication: the volume number (in bold): the first and last page numbers in full followed by a full stop. Titles of books should be followed by the town and country of publication, the publisher, the year and inclusive page numbers. See the following examples:

Journal articles
Pollard BJ, Bryan A, Bennett D et al. Recovery after oral surgery with halothane, enflurane, isoflurane or propofol anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1994; 72: 559–566.

Korttila K. Recovery period and discharge. In: White P, ed. Outpatient Anaesthesia. New York, USA: Churchill Livingstone Inc, 1990: 369–395.

Chapter in a book:
Pessayre D, Feldmann G, Haouzi D, Fau D, Moreau A, Neumann M. Hepatocyte apoptosis triggered by natural substances (cytokines, other endogenous molecules and foreign toxins). In Cameron RG, Feuer G (editors): Apoptosis and its Modulation by Drugs. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 2000, pp. 59-108.

Electronic articles:
Margolis PA, Stevens R, Bordley WC, Stuart J. From concept to application: the impact of a community-wide intervention to improve the delivery of preventive services to children. Pediatrics [online serial] 2001; 108:e42. . [Accessed 20 September 2001].

References to tables should be made in order of appearance in the text and should be in numerals in parentheses, e.g. (Table 1). Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. Tables should not be submitted as photographs. Each table should have a brief title as a heading. Vertical rules should not be used. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Authors are discouraged from using abbreviations in tables. If abbreviations are necessary then please explain them in the table’s footnotes. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation (SD) and standard error of the mean (SEM).

Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge the source fully.

Statitstical methods should be specified explicitly and referenced if they are non-standard. Estimates presented should be accompanied by indicies of precision (e.g. means accompanied by confidence intervals).

Arabic summary
A short Arabic summary is required at the end of the manuscript in a seperate section.

Units of measurement
Scientific measurements should be given in SI units. Blood pressure, however, may be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin as g dL-1.

Abbreviations and symbols
Authors are discouraged from using abbreviations. If an abbreviation is necessary please use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

Official Journal of the Okasha Institute of Psychiatry
Faculty of Medicine
Ain Shams University

WHO Collaborative Center for Trainin and Research