Articles by Sara M. Edwards, MN, MPH, CNM

The Maternal Gut Microbiome During Pregnancy

Edwards, Sara M.; Cunningham, Solveig A.; Dunlop, Anne L.; More

MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(6):310-317, November/December 2017.

The prenatal period is marked by unique inflammatory and immune changes that alter maternal gut function and bacterial composition as pregnancy advances. Normal hormonal, metabolic and immunologic changes to the maternal gut microbiome throughout the prenatal period are reviewed, including relevant implications for nurses providing care for pregnant women.

The Postpartum Maternal and Newborn Microbiomes

Mutic, Abby D.; Jordan, Sheila; Edwards, Sara M.; More

MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(6):326-331, November/December 2017.

Biological and environmental changes to maternal and newborn microbiomes in the postnatal period can affect health outcomes for mothers and babies. Maternal-baby nurses have a valuable role in helping mothers and newborns promote healthy microbiomes. Factors that influence the rapidly changing postnatal microbiome of the mother and her newborn baby, and the role nurses have to positively influence immediate and long-term health outcomes are presented.