Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Articles by Julie Armstrong, DNP, CPNP-PC

Emollients to Prevent Eczema in High-Risk Infants: Integrative Review

Armstrong, Julie; Rosinski, Nicole K.; Fial, Alissa; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 47(3):122-129, May/June 2022.

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder. Topical emollients have been hypothesized to enhance the skin barrier and therefore be helpful as a preventative measure. In this integrative review, evidence for treating AD is reviewed. Based on findings from two high quality randomized trials, clinicians should not recommend use of emollients to prevent AD. Evidence-based recommendations for infant skin care, includes bathing with water or a combination of water and liquid cleanser formulated for infants, and avoiding soaps. Products applied to skin should be free of scent and contact allergens. Petroleum jelly or mineral oil are appropriate to moisturize infants' skin as needed. Nurses can use these findings to inform their recommendations to parents.