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Articles by Judy A. Beal, DNSc, RN, FNAP, FAAN

Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Children Continues: What Can We Do to Help?

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 46(3):177, May/June 2021.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on children and families. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, reviews recent guidance from the American Academy of Pediatrics and a state health agency to offer suggestions for resources for pediatric nurses so they can better help their patients and families.

Infant Mortality is Higher in Rural Counties

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 46(2):118, March/April 2021.

Access to health care services is limited in rural areas of the United States. Two recent studies highlight the health inequities experienced by this population and subsequent effects on infant morbidity and mortality. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the findings and what pediatric nurses can do to promote the health and wellbeing of babies and children in rural United States.

Consensus Reached on Feeding Infants and Children

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 46(1):57, January/February 2021.

New consensus guidelines on infant feeding have been released from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, summarizes the document and offers suggestions for dissemination.

Childhood Food Insecurity

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(6):373, November/December 2020.

Childhood food insecurity continues to be a problem in the United States and has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal reviews the latest data.

Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic for Pediatric Workplaces

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(5):309, September/October 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic has shown the best of the best in nursing. Nurses are using scientific evidence to guide care, leading teams of clinicians into uncharted territory, and supporting patients, families and co-workers at unprecedented levels. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, highlights lessons to be learned that can strengthen the quality of pediatric work environments.

Screen Time and Toddlers: New Evidence on Potentially Negative Effects

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(4):241, July/August 2020.

As more evidence becomes available about the negative effects of screen time for young children, pediatric nurses can help parents develop a family plan to minimize risk from exposure to excessive screen time. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the new evidence on screen time and toddlers.

Sudden Unexplained Infant Deaths: New Study Findings Related to Day of Life

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(3):185, May/June 2020.

New data on classification and risk factors for sudden unexplained infant deaths based on age of infants at death have been published. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the study findings and how they can help nurses promote safe infant sleep.

Heavy Metals in Baby Food: What Providers and Parents Need to Know

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(2):125, March/April 2020.

A recent study found that 95% of baby foods are contaminated with heavy metals. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the details of the 2019 study from Healthy Babies Bright Futures and how nurses can advise parents to avoid the most commonly contaminated foods.

World Health Organization Alert on High Level of Sugar in Baby Food

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(1):60, January/February 2020.

The World Health Organization recently published guidelines about high levels of sugar in foods marketed to babies, children, and adolescents. High sugar foods can be detrimental to one's health in the short and long-term. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the latest guidelines and suggests how nurses can help parents avoid foods with excessive sugar for their children.

Drowning Remains a Leading Cause of Injury-Related Deaths in Children

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(6):359, November/December 2019.

A major cause of death for children and adolescents in the United States is drowning. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, discusses the clinical implications of the updated policy statement on prevention of drowning from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and offers suggestions for nursing interventions and parental resources including the AAP drowning prevention toolkit.

An End to Sugary Drinks: The American Academy of Pediatrics and American Heart Association Speak Out

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(5):297, September/October 2019.

Sugary drinks are unhealthy and should not be marketed to children and adolescents. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, reviews the recent statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association on public policies to reduce sugary drink consumption in children and adolescents.

Increasing Popularity of Vaping among Adolescents

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(4):235, July/August 2019.

Over the past decade use of e-cigarettes has dramatically increased among youth in the United States. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the recent trends and how nurses can help teens and their parents have enough information about vaping to avoid starting this unhealthy practice and to stop if started.

Children and Gun Safety: A Call to Action for Nurses

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(3):171, May/June 2019.

The American Academy of Nursing has joined other professional organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatricians, in supporting strategies for firearm safety. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, reviews recent research on children and firearms and offers suggestions on how nurses can be advocates for children and adolescents by participating in efforts to promote firearm safety in their communities.

Acute Flaccid Myelitis: A Rare but Devastating Illness

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(2):116, March/April 2019.

Acute flaccid myelitis is a rare but devastating illness that predominantly effects children. In January, 2019, the CDC confirmed 186 cases of AFM across 38 states in the United States in 2018, mostly in individuals under 18 years of age. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, provides an update.

Toxic Stress in Children

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(1):53, January/February 2019.

The recent controversy over the policy on immigration and subsequent treatment of immigrant children has resurfaced concerns about toxic stress in children. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the clinical implications for children and the role of the nurse.

Baby Bottles and Bisphenol A (BPA): Still a Parental Concern

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(6):349, November/December 2018.

Debate over glass versus plastic bottles continues based on review of popular parent websites. A major concern is possible exposure of babies and children to harmful chemicals potentially found in plastic bottles. While there has been no definitive evidence of harm to humans, animal studies suggest potential for adverse outcomes. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains the current controversy and offers suggestions for advice for parents.

Delayed School Starts for Middle and High Schools Makes Sense

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(5):292, September/October 2018.

Beginning the school day a bit later than traditional start times has been found to have numerous benefits for adolescents because it allows them to get more sleep. While there are barriers to making this happen, a number of school districts in 45 states have been able to change start times. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, describes the risks of sleep deprivation for teens, benefits of adequate sleep, and recent recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

Mental Illness in Children and Adolescents: A Rising Concern on College Campuses

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(4):232, July/August 2018.

Mental health issues such as anxiety and depression are becoming more common among children and adolescents. Our pediatric nurse expert, Dr. Beal, discusses the latest statistics on prevalence and offers suggestions for promoting optimal mental health for the pediatric population.

Rethinking Blood Pressure Monitoring in Children and Adolescents

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(3):172, May/June 2018.

Most pediatric providers do not think of hypertension as a common diagnosis in children and adolescents. However as reported by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2017, prevalence of hypertension has increased significantly since 1988, with most cases going undiagnosed or treated. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, discusses the new AAP guidelines on hypertension in children and adolescents.

Tattoos and Piercings: Increasingly Accepted but Still Risky

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(2):112, March/April 2018.

Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, discusses the recent clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics on Adolescent and Young Adult Tattooing, Piercing, and Scarification. As these practices are becoming more common, it is important for pediatrics nurses to have up-to-date knowledge so they can assist in guiding adolescents and parents.

13 Reasons Why: A Trigger for Teen Suicide?

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(1):55, January/February 2018.

The Netflix series 13 Reasons Why that depicts the story of a teenage girl who commits suicide and delivers thirteen audiotaped cassettes to classmates who played a role in her decision to kill herself has generated controversy among parents and healthcare professionals. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains why the series has become a source of concern and how it might lead to a better understanding and more open dialogue of this issue.

The Dangers of Youth Football

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(6):361, November/December 2017.

Pediatric providers working in emergency rooms treat more than 200,000 children ages 5–18 for sports-related head injuries each year. Approximately 3 million youth are playing tackle football today in the United States. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Judy Beal, explains evolving evidence about the dangers of youth tackle football.

Healthcare for Transgender Youth: Still Inadequate...Still at Risk

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(5):296, September/October 2017.

With accurate and up-to-date knowledge, pediatric nurses can take the lead in advocating for evidence-based culturally competent care for transgender youth in all pediatric settings. Per our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, as nurses, we are in a unique role as the most trusted of healthcare professionals to be able to support these very vulnerable teens and their caregivers.

Neonatal Male Circumcision: Still a Controversy

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(4):233, July/August 2017.

Nurses have a vital role in offering information to parents about newborn male circumcision based on current evidence and recommendations from professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, summarizes the issue, including potential risks, benefits and areas of controversy.

Cry It Out: What Is It and Is It Appropriate?

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(3):180, May/June 2017.

Infant wakefulness at night is common. New parents often turn to the Internet for what to do when they encounter issues with their new baby that they're not sure how to handle, however, there are multiple websites offering advice that is not evidence-based. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, provides the most recent information on infant wakefulness at night for nurses to be able offer helpful advice to parents.

Pediatric Medication Errors

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(2):116, March/April 2017.

Pediatric mediation errors continue to be a risk of harm. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommendations for giving liquid medications orally. Kitchen spoons are not appropriate to measure doses. Liquid medication should only be administered by an oral syringe that is metric based. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains how nurses can play an important role in teaching parents how to safely give medications to their children.

Time-Out for Young Children

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(1):57, January/February 2017.

Time-out is an evidence-based form of discipline that can be used by parents of young children. Pediatric nurses can assist parents to appreciate how to use time-out while supporting their decisions to implement or not.

Baby-Led Weaning

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 41(6):373, November/December 2016.

Baby-led weaning (BLW) is growing in popularity among parents. This method of introducing solid food is different from the recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Instead of limiting intake for the first six months to breastmilk or formula and liquids other than milk, small portions of solid food are offered to babies when parents feel their baby is ready. The process of initiating feeding starting with pureed foods spoon-fed to babies by an adult is not part of the baby-led weaning feeding method. Available data on BLW are limited about risks, benefits, and outcomes. Our expert in pediatric nursing, Dr. Beal, explains BLW.

Adolescent Use of E-Cigarettes: What are the Risks?

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 41(5):310, September/October 2016.

More and more teenagers are using e-cigarettes. Our pediatric nursing expert, Dr. Beal, explains what is known and unknown about the risks to their health.

Infant Deaths From Use of Crib Bumpers Are Increasing

Beal, Judy A.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 41(4):253, July/August 2016.

Crib bumpers are still being widely used even though they have been found to cause infant deaths and injuries. Nurses can warn parents about crib bumper hazards and promote the “Bare is Best” campaign.

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