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Articles by Jane Greene Ryan, PhD, RN

Preterm Births: A Global Health Problem

Ryan, Jane Greene; Dogbey, Evelyn

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 40(5):278-283, September/October 2015.

Preterm birth is a significant health issue facing millions of babies and their families each year. Babies born preterm in developing countries with few resources often have poor outcomes. The United Nations and the World Health Organization have specifically identified nurses and midwives as key stakeholders capable of implementing strategies to decrease the global impact of preterm births.

Womb Outsourcing: Commercial Surrogacy in India

Frankford, David M.; Bennington, Linda K.; Ryan, Jane Greene

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 40(5):284-290, September/October 2015.

As the costs of surrogacy in the United States have risen, some couples experiencing infertility are turning to international surrogates. India is one of the countries with a growing number of transnational surrogacy programs; however many Indian surrogate mothers are poorly educated and come from impoverished, rural areas of India where commercial surrogacy offers the possibility of nearly the equivalent of five years of family income. Are these surrogate mothers being exploited?