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Articles by Deepika Goyal, PhD, FNP

Unmet Prenatal Expectations During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Goyal, Deepika; Rosa, Liana De La; Mittal, Leena; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 47(2):66-70, March/April 2022.

Restrictions initiated by birthing hospitals and prenatal care providers significantly changed traditional routines for care during pregnancy to minimize risk of exposure to COVID-19 for pregnant women and their care givers. Many women attended prenatal visits alone and were unable to share the usual pregnancy milestones with their partners. In this study, women describe their unmet expectations for pregnancy in the context of these changes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Perinatal Experiences of Asian American Women During COVID-19

Goyal, Deepika; Han, Meekyung; Feldman-Schwartz, Talia; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 47(2):71-76, March/April 2022.

Asian American women shared their experiences of being pregnant and giving birth during the COVID-19 pandemic. Like other new mothers in the United States, Asian American mothers reported that perinatal care during the pandemic was stressful and difficult. They were disappointed and sad about the aspects of childbirth they felt they had missed and at times overwhelmed by the unexpected reality of parenting a newborn in isolation.

Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Experiences During COVID-19

Goyal, Deepika; Beck, Cheryl Tatano; Webb, Rebecca; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 47(2):77-84, March/April 2022.

Women experienced more postpartum depressive symptoms while trying to navigate the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic than expected, based on prepandemic postpartum depression prevalence data. Seclusion and having minimal help with the new baby were noted to be very stressful for many new mothers. Some mothers expressed positive aspects of COVID-19 related postpartum isolation as being blessings in disguise and a silver lining because they were able to bond with the new baby and their partners while learning parenting together.

Impact of COVID-19 on Maternal Mental Health

Goyal, Deepika; Selix, Nancy W.

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 46(2):103-109, March/April 2021.

The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to have a negative affect on maternal mental health. Social isolation and lack of expected family support during preganancy and postpostum are possible factors. The authors present an overview of what is known and what nurses can do to help pregnant women during the pandemic.

Grief among Neonatal Intensive Care Nurses

Rodriguez, Alison; Spilker, Arlene; Goyal, Deepika

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(4):228-232, July/August 2020.

Nurses in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience grief when an infant death occurs. In this study, the grief experience of NICU nurses is explored and recommendations for supporting them are offered.

Korean Immigrant Women's Postpartum Experiences in the United States

Han, Meekyung; Goyal, Deepika; Lee, Jiyoung; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 45(1):42-48, January/February 2020.

Korean Americans are one of the six largest Asian American subgroups, representing 9% of the Asian American population in the United States, however they have not been well represented in studies of postpartum depression. In this study, Korean women who had immigrated to the United States were interviewed about their postpartum experience.

Experiences of Women with Postpartum Depression Participating in a Support Group Led by Mental Health Providers

Cook, Carolyn; Goyal, Deepika; Allen, Monica

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(4):228-233, July/August 2019.

In this study, women with postpartum depression who participated in a postpartum support group facilitated by mental health professionals, offered their thoughts on how the support group helped them cope and manage their postpartum depression. They felt supported, were more likely to disclose their symptoms to other women in the same situation, and were able to share their feelings without fear of judgement. Nurses should be aware of these types of services in the community so they can refer women as needed.

Chinese American Women's Experiences with Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Mental Health Help-Seeking Behaviors

Ta Park, Van M.; Goyal, Deepika; Suen, Joyce; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(3):144-149, May/June 2019.

Postpartum depression is one of the most common morbidities after birth. In this study, Chinese American women discuss how they coped after giving birth and their perceptions of how women in their culture seek help when experiencing depressive symptoms during postpartum.

Birth Tourism Among Chinese Women

Jaramillo, Juanita; Goyal, Deepika; Lung, Carmen

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(2):94-99, March/April 2019.

Approximately one-third of women who come to the United States to give birth on a tourist visa are from China. In this study, birth tourists from China describe their reasons for choosing this path and their experiences. Reasons include establishing American citizenship for their baby, and thus securing them a better future, and having a painless childbirth. These data can be useful for nurses caring for women who are birth tourists.

New Mothers' Experiences with Online Postpartum Forums

Teaford, Dominique; McNiesh, Susan; Goyal, Deepika

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 44(1):40-45, January/February 2019.

Most new mothers use the Internet. An on-line forum for new mothers can offer peer support, especially in the first few months at home with the new baby. In this study, new mothers describe their experiences with on-line support during the first six months postpartum.

Skin to Skin Contact: Newborn Temperature Stability in the Operating Room

Billner-Garcia, Renee; Spilker, Arlene; Goyal, Deepika

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 43(3):158-163, May/June 2018.

Skin-to-skin contact is commonly initiated after vaginal birth of healthy babies, but not for all women giving birth via cesarean to healthy babies. In this study, the feasibility of using skin-to-skin contact in the operating room (OR) for all healthy mothers and babies after cesarean birth was examined using newborn temperature stability as a measure. Results suggest concerns about temperature stability should not be a barrier to implementing skin-to-skin care in the OR after cesarean birth of healthy babies.

Sleep Quality and Quantity in Low-Income Postpartum Women

Doering, Jennifer J.; Szabo, Aniko; Goyal, Deepika; More

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 42(3):166-172, May/June 2017.

Patterns of postpartum sleep, fatigue, and depressive symptoms were studied in low income urban women. Findings suggest adverse effects of inadequate sleep on physical and mental health as well as safety and functioning, especially within the context of poverty, may be profound.

Perinatal Practices & Traditions Among Asian Indian Women

Goyal, Deepika

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 41(2):90-97, March/April 2016.

Asian Indian women living in the United States have many cultural practices and traditions related to pregnancy, birth, and postpartum. An overview is provided to help perinatal nurses give quality care to this unique and growing population.

Postpartum Depression Among Asian Indian Mothers

Goyal, Deepika; Park, Van Ta; McNiesh, Susan

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 40(4):256-261, July/August 2015.

Cultural patterns of Asian Indians influence perceptions and biases about mental health and clinical treatment. Asian Indian women may seek advice from their social support networks, familial ties, and religious/spiritual outlets before seeking professional help for postpartum depression.