Being invited to present at an international conference may sometimes be a scam. A list of potential red flags when considering participation is offered. Be sure to thoroughly scrutinize all aspects of the conference. The negative implications for presenters can go beyond spending hundreds or thousands of dollars; attendance can imply naivete and lack of scholarly due diligence (similar to publishing works in predatory journals). In some universities, participation in these types of conferences or publishing in predatory journals can be considered a type of academic fraud.
Kathleen Rice Simpson is a Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist in St. Louis, MO, and the Editor-in-Chief Board Member of MCN. Dr. Simpson can be reached via e-mail at email@example.com
The author declares no conflicts of interest.