Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Informal Milk Sharing

Spatz, Diane L. PhD, RN-BC, FAAN

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing: March/April 2016 - Volume 41 - Issue 2 - p 125
doi: 10.1097/NMC.0000000000000225
ONGOING COLUMNS: Breastfeeding

When the new mother is unable to breastfeed or provide milk for her own child, human milk must be accessed from another source. There are three options: pasteurized donor human milk from a non-profit milk bank governed by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America, pasteurized donor human milk from a for-profit company, or through informal milk sharing. Our breastfeeding expert, Dr. Spatz explains why families may opt to or need to access human milk informally and why nurses and healthcare providers must have knowledge of informal milk sharing.

Diane Spatz is a Professor of Perinatal Nursing & the Helen M. Shearer Professor of Nutrition at the University of Pennsylvania. She holds a joint appointment with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia where she is a nurse researcher and director of the lactation program. Dr. Spatz is the Chair of the American Academy of Nursing's Expert Panel on Breastfeeding and an Editorial Board Member of MCN. Dr. Spatz can be reached via e-mail at

The author declares no conflict of interest.

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved