When the new mother is unable to breastfeed or provide milk for her own child, human milk must be accessed from another source. There are three options: pasteurized donor human milk from a non-profit milk bank governed by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America, pasteurized donor human milk from a for-profit company, or through informal milk sharing. Our breastfeeding expert, Dr. Spatz explains why families may opt to or need to access human milk informally and why nurses and healthcare providers must have knowledge of informal milk sharing.
Diane Spatz is a Professor of Perinatal Nursing & the Helen M. Shearer Professor of Nutrition at the University of Pennsylvania. She holds a joint appointment with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia where she is a nurse researcher and director of the lactation program. Dr. Spatz is the Chair of the American Academy of Nursing's Expert Panel on Breastfeeding and an Editorial Board Member of MCN. Dr. Spatz can be reached via e-mail at email@example.com
The author declares no conflict of interest.