Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Share this article on:

Underwater Birth: An Elective Intervention With Safety Concerns

Simpson, Kathleen Rice PhD, RN, CNS-BC, FAAN

MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing: September/October 2014 - Volume 39 - Issue 5 - p 340
doi: 10.1097/NMC.0000000000000070
ONGOING COLUMNS: Perinatal Patient Safety

Underwater birth is an elective intervention to promote maternal comfort and relaxation. Recommendations from professional organizations are not in agreement as to the safety of underwater birth for the baby. What type of evidence is available about underwater birth?

Kathleen Rice Simpson is a Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist in St. Louis, MO, and the editor in chief of MCN. Dr. Simpson can be reached via e-mail at

The author declares no conflict of interest.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.