are raising an increasing proportion of the population of children
in the United States.
The purpose of this review was to explore existing research on immigrant women
's experiences of being mothers
in the United States and identify key concepts, gaps in the literature, and implications for future research that builds on the strengths of immigrant women
while addressing their unique challenges.
Study Design and Methods:
In this scoping review
, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, JUSTOR, and PsycINFO databases were searched using a combination of applicable key words.
Twenty-two articles were selected. Few studies were identified. Analyses revealed a broad array in purpose, populations, theoretical frameworks, settings, study instruments, and practices, making comparison difficult. Although mothering is a universal experience among women
who have children
, little is known about the broad experiences of immigrant women
from different cultures.
are not a monolithic group. More research is needed to provide a deeper understanding of strengths, challenges, and solutions of various immigrant groups, which can facilitate development of nursing interventions that support immigrant women
and their children
in the United States, and strengthen their families.