The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of select maternal psychosocial and experiential factors on birth satisfaction of new mothers during early postpartum.
This is a descriptive correlational study exploring the relationships among birth satisfaction, breastfeeding self-efficacy, and perceived stress in 107 new mothers in the first 4 days postpartum. Instruments used included the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form, and a researcher-generated demographic form. Quantitative analysis included descriptive statistics, correlation, one-way Analysis of Variance, and multiple linear regression.
Birth satisfaction was negatively correlated with perceived stress (r = -.299, p < .05) and positively correlated with feeling prepared for birth (rho = .243, p < .05) and breastfeeding self-efficacy (r = .226, p < .05). The predictive model for birth satisfaction was significant (R2 = .204, F [6, 99] = 4.225, p = .001), explaining approximately 20.4% of variance in birth satisfaction in the sample.
Stress reduction and management, establishment of realistic expectations for labor and birth, and promotion of togetherness with newborn immediately after birth are nursing priorities to promote birth satisfaction.
How do new mothers perceive the birth process? What contributes to their satisfaction with their childbirth experince? This study examines these issues among a group of new mothers during the first few days postpartum and offers insights on the type of care that women appreciate and desire during labor and birth.
Katherine Hinic is an Assistant Professor, Seton Hall University, South Orange, and Professor in Residence, Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, NJ. The author can be reached via e-mail at Katherine.firstname.lastname@example.org
The author declares no conflicts of interest.