To describe the nature of how nurses establish and maintain relationships with first-time pregnant, poor teenagers and their families to achieve health and life course outcomes.
Qualitative grounded theory was used to develop a conceptual framework for establishing and maintaining nurse-client relationships with a vulnerable population.
Twelve focus groups were conducted with six nurses who worked in long-term relationships with a diverse and vulnerable group of women. Broad interview questions were used to describe the basic social process and the phases, action processes, and influencing factors in the relationship. The nurse participants and a group of patients confirmed the credibility of the theory. Eight nurses in similar practice settings across the country also confirmed the fit of the theory to their own practices, and an expert consultant verified the auditability of the study.
The grounded theory of "partnering" was found to address phases of engaging the client, working on mutual goals, and disengaging. Trust is a turning point in the relationship and action processes address persevering and managing boundaries. Influencing factors related to client, nurse, and the healthcare system serve as barriers and facilitators.
Partnering as a conceptual framework may prove useful for working with other diverse and vulnerable clients after testing in different populations and settings.
There are specific models of nursing care which have been tested and shown to produce positive results. The concept of partnering is one of them.
Joan Norris is a Professor, Associate Dean for Research and Evaluation, Creighton University School of Nursing, Omaha, NE. She can be reached via e-mail at JoanNorris@creighton.edu
Eleanor Howell is a Professor and Dean, Creighton University School of Nursing, Omaha, NE.
Marysue Wydeven is an Assistant Professor, Creighton University School of Nursing, Omaha, NE.
Mary Kunes-Connell is a Professor, Associate Dean for Academic and Clinical Affairs, Creighton University School of Nursing, Omaha, NE.
The authors have disclosed that there are no financial relationships related to this article.