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Evaluation of Breastfeeding Web Sites for Patient Education

Dornan, Barbara A. BSN, RN; Oermann, Marilyn H. PhD, RN, FAAN

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing: January-February 2006 - Volume 31 - Issue 1 - p 18-23
Feature articles

PURPOSE: To evaluate the quality of Web sites on breastfeeding for patient education.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHOD: Descriptive study of 30 Web sites on breastfeeding for patient education, evaluated based on the Health Information Technology Institute (HITI) criteria, readability, and eight content criteria from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement on breastfeeding.

RESULTS: The mean Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level for readability of the 30 sites was 9.2. Seven of the sites included all eight of the content criteria from the AAP, and three sites did not include any of the information recommended by the AAP content criteria.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Nurses should be able to recommend best patient education materials for their patients. The five best Web sites for breastfeeding education are identified for patient teaching, and the HITI criteria are explained for nurses to learn how to evaluate Web sites for themselves and their patients.

When a new mother asks you which Web sites have the best information about breastfeeding, what do you say?

Barbara A. Dornan is a Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI. She can be reached via e-mail at

Marilyn H. Oermann is a Professor, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

The authors of this manuscript are not affiliated with nor have they received compensation from any of the organizations or companies mentioned in this manuscript.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.