Recent changes in the US health care delivery system have raised expectations that the medical marketplace will compete on quality and cost of care. This effort will require a systematic evaluation of the measurement of quality of care
as it applies to cancer and other critical conditions.
To articulate the components of the design of quality-of-care measurement systems that must be considered and optimally manipulated to generate feasible, reliable, and valid data pertinent to patients with cancer.
A synthesis of information obtained from literature reviews and experience.
Four key areas of design that influence quality-of-care measurement scores are discussed: case identification, data source, data-collection strategies, and the quality of the care-measurement model.
Challenges associated with these design and measurement strategies are defined and discussed.
Policy analyses vary as a function of measurement domains. The design of a quality-of-care measurement system should consider trade-offs between validity and burden by considering the intricate relations between domains of measurement.