Original Articles: PDF OnlyConcurrent and Predictive Validity of a Self-reported Measure of Medication AdherenceMorisky, Donald E. ScD*; Green, Lawrence W. DrPH†; Levine, David M. MD‡ Author Information *From the School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, California †From the Center for Health Promotion Research and Develoment, The University of Texas at Houston, Houston, Texas ‡From the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland Medical Care 24(1):p 67-74, January 1986. Buy Abstract Adherence to the medical regimen continues to rank as a major clinical problem in the management of patients with essential hypertension, as in other conditions treated with drugs and life-style modification. This article reviews the psychometric properties and tests the concurrent and predictive validity of a structured four-item self-reported adherence measure (alpha reliability = 0.61), which can be easily integrated into the medical visit. Items in the scale address barriers to medication-taking and permit the health care provider to reinforce positive adherence behaviors. Data on patient adherence to the medical regimen were collected at the end of a formalized 18-month educational program. Blood pressure measurements were recorded throughout a 3-year follow-up period. Results showed the scale to demonstrate both concurrent and predictive validity with regard to blood pressure control at 2 years and 5 years, respectively. Seventy-five percent of the patients who scored high on the four-item scale at year 2 had their blood pressure under adequate control at year 5, compared with 47% under control at year 5 for those patients scoring low (P < 0.01). © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.