*Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
†Leonard D Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics, University of Southern California
‡University Kidney Research Organization, Kidney Research Center
§Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Departments of ∥Medicine, Division of Nephrology
¶Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine
#Center for Health Policy and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford
**School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
This work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and the National Institute of Aging (NIA). E.L. receives support from NIDDK K08DK118213, G.M.C. receives support from NIDDK K24 DK085446, J.B. receives support from NIA P30 AG17253, and D.L. receives support from NIA R01 AG062277-01. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Data have been supplied by the US Renal Data System (USRDS). The interpretation and reporting of these data are the responsibility of the author(s) and in no way should be seen as an official policy or interpretation of the US government. These findings were presented at the American Society of Nephrology and Academy Health national meetings in 2019.
E.L. and J.B. have limited consultancies with Acumen, LLC. G.M.C. serves on the Board of Directors of Satellite Healthcare, a nonprofit dialysis provider. D.L. is a consultant to Precision Health Economics, which provides research and consulting services to firms in the life sciences, medical devices, and health insurance industries, and an investor in its parent company, Precision Medicine Group.
Correspondence to: Eugene Lin, MD, MS, Keck School of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, 1333 San Pablo St, MMR 622, Los Angeles, CA 90033. E-mail: [email protected].