The Distributed Ambulatory Research in Therapeutics Network (DARTNet) is a federated network of electronic health record (EHR) data, designed as a platform for next-generation comparative effectiveness research in real-world settings. DARTNet links information from nonintegrated primary care clinics that use EHRs to deliver ambulatory care to overcome limitations with traditional observational research.
Test the ability to conduct a remote, electronic point of care study in DARTNet practices by prompting clinic staff to obtain specific information during a patient encounter.
Prospective survey of patients identified through queries of clinical data repositories in federated network organizations. On patient visit, survey is triggered and data are relinked to the EHR, de-identified, and copied for evaluation.
Adult patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus that scheduled a clinic visit for any reason in a 2-week period in DARTNet primary care practices.
Survey on hypoglycemic events (past month) and over-the-counter and herbal supplement use.
DARTNet facilitated point of care data collection triggered by an electronic prompt for additional information at a patient visit. More than one-third of respondents (33% response rate) reported either mild (45%) or severe hypoglycemic events (5%) in the month before the survey; only 3 of those were also coded using the ICD-9 (a significant difference in detection rates 37% vs. 1%). Nearly one-quarter of patients reported taking an OTC/herbal, 4% specifically for the treatment of symptoms of diabetes.
Prospective data collection is feasible in DARTNet and can enable comparative effectiveness and safety research.
From the *University of Colorado School of Pharmacy, Denver, CO; †University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO; ‡American Academy of Family Physicians, Denver, CO; §Peak Statistical Services, Evergreen, CO; and ¶QED Clinical Inc., dba CINA, Dallas, TX.
Reprints: Anne M. Libby, PhD, 12631 E. 17th Ave., C238-L15, Academic Office 1, University of Colorado School of Pharmacy, Aurora, Colorado. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.