Original Articles: PDF OnlyShuval Judith T.Medical Care: July-August 1971 - p 345-351 Buy Abstract The dentist–patient relationship is examined in terms of the mutual expectations of both partners with reference to each other. The analysis focuses on preventive dental care. The design calls for a study of two populations in Israel: a sample of 2013 urban residents and a population of 522 dentists practicing in the same geographical areas. Contrasting the attitudes and behavior of the two groups on a number of parallel dimensions, it is found that dentists tend to overestimate their patients' preventive dental behavior. Israeli dentists show a high level of self–satisfaction in the sphere of preventive care, and therefore may not be too prone to change their preventive care patterns. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.