Journal of Wound Ostomy & Continence Nursing

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Below is a checklist for reviewing an original research report. A printable version of this checklist is available as well.

Reviewing an Original Research Report Checklist


­­­­­­______IMRaD format – Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion


______12 font, Times New Roman and double spaced


______Title – reflect topic and research design (RCT, cohort study, etc.)


______Disclosure statement (conflicts of interest)


______Structured abstract includes: purpose, design, subjects/setting, methods, results, conclusion


______Key terms: MeSH, any missing, appropriate


______Headings and subheadings divide multiple paragraphs, no subheading in introduction



  • 3 – 5 paragraphs in length
  • Last paragraph includes study purpose/research questions/aims



  • One sentence about overall study design
  • Description of sample/target population, how recruited, allocation/randomization approach, inclusion/exclusion criteria, study setting
  • If secondary data analysis/chart review – what extraction methd was used, who extracted data
  • Specific name of IRB with approval #
  • Instruments (left margin, italics) – what is being measured, total # items, how scored, cut points used in analysis, reference indicating validation or psychometric properties (ICC, Cronbach's)
  • Procedures – time frame, training of data collectors, operational definitions, fidelity monitoring, rigor in data collections procedures (where, by whom, frequency), protections of data/safety monitoring



  • Appropriate to answer/address purpose/questions/aims
  • For qualitative: analytic technique, rigor (trustworthiness)



  • Demographics – sample characteristics (Table) placed after reference list
  • Reported by aims
  • Statistics reported are consistent with analyses
  • Results summarized without discussion
  • Report of statistics include mean – SD or median – IQR; p values with t,z,F,r; OR, RR, AR, CR
    • Box = list with 1 column
    • Table = 2 or more columns
    • Figure = illustrations (graphs, photographs)
    • Supplemental digital content
  • Study flow chart (CONSORT)



  • Introductory paragraph summarizes main findings
  • Comparison of findings to prior published studies/extant literature
  • Conclusions justified by methods  - if not an effectiveness trial, cannot make claims the intervention was effective
  • Limitations/strengths section included as subheading



  • Single succinct paragraph
  • Summarize 2 – 3 main points
  • Clinical and research implications



  • AMA/Vancouver format
  • Numbered according to appearance in text
  • Reference original research whenever indicated; all review articles should be published within 5 years of submission date; ensure use of latest edition of textbooks
  • Pertinent references included that were published in JWOCN



  • No key points needed in original research reports
  • Add box of important abbreviations/acronyms if many