Video 1 Prevalence of friction skin injury on the buttocks and/or posterior thighs in an acute care setting: a quality improvement project.
The prevalence of friction skin injury (FcI) in an acute care hospital was evaluated as part of a quality improvement initiative.
The setting for this quality improvement project was an academic medical center with 728 licensed beds in the central plains of the United States. Data were collected by 33 clinicians: 28 were RN staff members and 5 were patient care technicians. Six of the 28 nurses (21%) were board-certified wound nurses and 2 (7%) were in training but not yet certified. Prevalence data were collected on 354 hospitalized patients.
Friction skin injuries were measured in conjunction with the institution's quarterly skin survey for the NDNQI PUPS (National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators Pressure Ulcer Prevalence Survey) in August 2019. The prevalence of FcI was calculated using the number of patients with FcI divided by the total number of patients surveyed.
Three hundred fifty-four patients completed the survey in this PUPS; FcI was diagnosed in 8 patients, yielding a prevalence rate of 2.3%. Clinical manifestations of FcI such as lichenification, skin/soft tissue discoloration, skin/soft tissue deformation and/or callus formation, and skin ulceration were also documented. In addition, a majority of patients with FcI were found to have fecal or urinary incontinence (n = 5/8, 63%; 2 had both fecal and urinary incontinence, 25%). Braden Scale for Pressure Sore Risk subscales scores were analyzed; the mean subscale score for moisture was 3.4; the mean subscale score for friction/shear was 1.4; the mean subscale score for activity was 2.6; and the mean subscale score for mobility was 2.9.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:
To the best of my knowledge, this is the first published article documenting FcI prevalence in any care setting. Additional prevalence studies are needed to establish the epidemiology of FcI across care settings and in the community.