The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an intervention based on and information, motivation, behavioral skills (IMB) model on urinary incontinence symptoms, impact on daily activities, and incontinence-specific quality of life in men with overactive bladder dysfunction (OAB) and urge incontinence.
Parallel-group, open-label, randomized-controlled clinical trial.
SUBJECTS AND SETTING:
The sample comprised 60 male patients admitted to the urology clinic of a training and research hospital in Ankara, Turkey. Inclusion criteria were adult men older than 18 years and diagnosed with OAB and urge incontinence.
Data were collected from February 2018 to February 2019. Participants were randomized into 2 equal groups. The intervention group (n = 30) received a structured intervention based on the IMB model, and a control group (n = 30) received standard OAB management. The primary outcome was severity of urge incontinence measured by the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Secondary outcomes were mean scores on the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7 (IIQ-7), and Urinary Incontinence Information Rating. All outcome measures were evaluated before and 6 months after the training.
Following the intervention, mean ICIQ-SF scores were significantly lower in the IMB model group as compared to the control group. Analysis revealed a significant increase in knowledge scores in both groups when baseline scores were compared to postintervention scores (P = .000 for the intervention group and P = .004 for the control group). The intervention group participants also had a higher postintervention scores when compared to control group subjects (P = .000).
A structured behavioral intervention based on the IMB model significantly alleviated the severity of bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms in adult males with OAB and urge incontinence when compared to standard care.