Hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) have significant impacts on patient morbidity and mortality, with approximately 2.5 million patients treated for pressure-related injuries annually.1 This study aimed to describe the influence of a comprehensive wound care team on HAPIs over an 8-year period.
Retrospective cohort study.
SUBJECTS AND SETTING:
All inpatients at an academic public hospital system with HAPIs during the study period from May 2012 to February 2020.
Data on wound stage, location, infection, medical device location if applicable, and risk factors were recorded from medical records. A 1-way analysis of variance was performed to assess for significance of mean number of cases, National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel (NPIAP) stage on initial presentation, and mean number of medical device-related wounds by year.
A total of 957 cases were included. The median stage of pressure injury on assessment was 2, with the mean NPIAP stage declining from 2012 to 2020 (P = .003). Thirty-three percent of pressure injuries were attributed to medical devices, most commonly endotracheal tubing. The most common site of pressure injury was the sacrum (33.6%).
Creation of a comprehensive wound care team within our academic public hospital system demonstrated a significant decline in device-related and pressure injury cases over the past 8 years. The wound care team focused on frequent assessment, education, and evidence-based treatment to lower these HAPI events.