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Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Beuscher, Tara L.; Kelechi, Teresa J.

Journal of Wound Ostomy & Continence Nursing: July/August 2019 - Volume 46 - Issue 4 - p 333–335
doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000556
Foot and Nail Care

Toenail disorders account for the majority of foot complaints for which adults seek medical care. Onychomycosis, a fungal nail infection, is the most prevalent. Dermatophytes are responsible for the majority of nail infections and cause varying degrees of nail deformities. While several treatment strategies are available, no one approach (topical, systemic, or mechanical) is highly curative. This article reviews causes, diagnosis, and treatment options for onychomycosis and provides patient education tips to prevent and limit the spread of the disease.

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Tara L. Beuscher, DNP, Doctors Making House Calls, Durham, North Carolina.

Teresa J. Kelechi, PhD, RN, FAAN, College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston.

Correspondence: Tara L. Beuscher, DNP, Doctors Making Housecalls, 2511 Old Cornwallis Rd, Ste, 200, Durham, NC 27713 (

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society.