The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to determine if use of an algorithm focusing on skin care in patients with fecal and urinary incontinence reduces the rate of hospital-acquired incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) over a period of 4 months.
The QI setting was an 18-bed surgical intensive care unit (SICU) in an acute care urban hospital located in the southeastern United States. Two hundred eleven patients participated in this pre/postintervention QI project.
The algorithm for skin care used evidence-based bundled interventions for patients with fecal and urinary incontinence. The project comprised education of the SICU nursing staff in January 2018 and implementation of the algorithm from February 5, 2018, to June 5, 2018. Weekly chart reviews were conducted to determine algorithm compliance, documentation of fecal and urinary incontinence, and accuracy of IAD documentation. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the rate of hospital-acquired IAD, algorithm compliance, and average length of time from admission to the onset of hospital-acquired IAD.
Seventy-nine individuals with incontinence were included in the 3-month preintervention period and 132 individuals with incontinence in the 3-month postintervention period. We observed a 24% reduction in the rate of hospital-acquired IAD following implementation of the algorithm (29% vs 5%). The average length of time from admission to the onset of hospital-acquired IAD increased from 15 days in February 2018 to 25 days in May 2018.
Our experience with this QI project suggest that IAD can be identified and managed at the bedside by first clinical nursing staff without expertise in skin assessment and wound care.
Brandon P. Gates, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, RN-BC, Medical University of South Carolina and Roper St Francis Healthcare, Charleston, South Carolina.
Joy Vess, DNP, APRN, ACNP, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
Mary Arnold Long, DNP, APRN, CRRN, CWOCN-AP, ACNS-BC, Roper St Francis Healthcare, Charleston, South Carolina.
Emily Johnson, PhD, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
Correspondence: Brandon P. Gates, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, RN-BC, Medical University of South Carolina and Roper St Francis Healthcare, 316 Calhoun St, Charleston, SC 29401 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.