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Pase Marilyn N. MSN RN; Hoffman, Rosemary G. MSN, RN
Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing: January 1998
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Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate pressure ulcer treatment protocol selection and use by care providers in extended health care facilities.

Design

Descriptive survey.

Setting and Subjects

The target population was directors of extended health care facilities in the southwestern border region of Arizona, New Mexico, and west Texas.

Methods

Questionnaires were mailed to 427 directors of extended-care facilities, who were asked to self-report treatment selection methods. The results from 96 returned and usable questionnaires were analyzed.

Main Outcome Measures

Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the returned data.

Results

Most (56.25%) of the respondents reported using a facility-developed assessment tool, 15.63% used no assessment tool at all, and less than 50% of the responding institutions reported using established protocols for pressure ulcer treatment. Although selection methods differed, most (61.46%) pressure ulcer treatments were reported to be determined by collaboration among nurses, physicians, and other health care providers.

Conclusion

Selection and use of pressure ulcer risk-assessment tools and treatment protocols showed a wide range of variation by extended-care facilities. A high percentage of institutions did not report the use of established, research-based protocols for pressure ulcer treatment, although interdisciplinary collaboration for treatment selection was reported.

Reprint requests: Marilyn N. Pase, MSN, RN, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Box 30001, Department 3185, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003.

Research supported by Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing Alumni Association, Case Western Reserve University.

Copyright © 1998 by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society

An investigation of the reported use of pressure ulcer prevention guidelines among a group of long-term care facilities in the American southwest.