To describe pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function, hip mobility, and hip strength profiles and compare measures between women with and without self-reported stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
Women with SUI present with PFM and hip impairments; yet comparative data in asymptomatic women are lacking.
Methods and Measures:
Adult women with (n = 21) or without (n = 20) SUI, with regular menses, were recruited. PFM performance, passive hip range-of-motion angles, and hip maximum isometric voluntary contractions (Nm/kg) (Biodex) were measured. Values were compared between groups and legs (dominant [Dom] and nondominant [Non-dom]) (significance: P < .05).
Women with SUI were older (P < .001), had higher parity, more tender points (Dom, P = .020), greater prone hip internal rotation (IR) angles (Non-dom, P = .025), lesser flexibility per Ober test (Non-dom, P = .013; Dom, P = .050), lower seated hip external rotation (ER) force (Non-dom, P = .008; Dom, P = .033), and lower hip abduction force (Non-dom and Dom, P < .001) than women without SUI. Leg differences for the SUI group were prone hip IR angles (P = .033), seated hip IR force (P = .015), and prone hip ER force (P < .001). Leg differences in women without SUI were PFM power (P = .005), prone hip angles (IR, P = .038; ER, P = .004), and prone hip ER force (P < .001).
The lack of significant differences in PFM function between the 2 groups was unexpected. Greater hip strength and mobility along with unique between-leg differences may suggest a coping mechanism in asymptomatic women with similar PFM function as women with SUI. Investigating relationships among PFM and hip profiles and severity of SUI appears warranted.
We have included a Video Abstract that highlights interesting findings in our article (see the Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at:http://links.lww.com/JWHPT/A23)