To determine whether hip muscle strength
and pelvic floor
muscle performance differed between women with and without stress urinary incontinence
Methods and Measures:
Forty-eight women, 23 with SUI and 25 controls, participated. Hip
strength was tested with handheld dynamometry. Pelvic floor
muscle performance was examined manually through graded strength of contraction, duration over which a contraction was maintained, and the number of repeated quick contractions performed in 10 seconds. Data were compared between groups and correlated with impact of SUI measured with the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire–Short Form.
abduction strength was reduced in women with SUI (P
< .05), impaired hip
strength was not correlated with the impact of SUI. The number of repeated contractions performed in 10 seconds—the only variable that correlated with impact of SUI—was reduced in women with SUI (P
Results may not support interventions intended to strengthen hip
muscles but may support interventions intended to improve performance of repeated quick pelvic floor
muscle contractions, as part of a therapy program for SUI.