From the Departments of Surgery (C.V.R.B., J.J.D.), Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas; Medical College of Wisconsin (M.d.M.), Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Oregon Health Science University (K.J.B.), Portland, Oregon; University of Kansas Medical Center (J.L.H.), Kansas City, Kansas; University of Southern California (K.I., M.J.M.), Los Angeles, California; Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (E.J.L.), Los Angeles, California; Ernest E Moore Shock Trauma Center (E.E.M.), Denver, Colorado; Scripps Mercy Hospital (K.A.P.), San Diego, California; Guthrie Health System (A.G.R.), Sayre, Pennsylvania; Children's Hospital (N.G.R.), Cincinnati, Ohio; University of Pittsburgh (J.L.S.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; St. Joseph's Medical Center (J.A.W.), Phoenix, Arizona; Salem Health Hospital (A.M.M.), Salem, Oregon; and Riverside University Health System Medical Center (R.C.), Riverside, California.
Submitted: May 13, 2022, Revised: July 22, 2022, Accepted: July 27, 2022, Published online: August 24, 2022.
This study was presented at the 51st Annual Western Trauma Association Meeting, February 20–25, 2022, in Big Sky, Montana.
Address for correspondence: Carlos V.R. Brown, MD, Department of Surgery, Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin, 1500 Red River St, Austin, TX 78701; email: [email protected].