From the Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care (S.B.), Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey; Section for Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (B.H.W., T.L.Z.), The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; Trauma and Emergency Surgical Service (M.M.), Scripps Mercy Medical Center, San Diego, California; Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care (H.K.), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Retired Chair of Surgery for the Veteran's Administration Hospital (W.L.W.), Fayetteville, North Carolina; Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care (R.R., P.M.B.), University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida; Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (D.A.K.J.), New York University Winthrop Hospital School of Medicine, Mineola, New York; Division of Acute Care Surgical Services (P.F.), Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia; Trauma, Critical Care, Burn and Emergency Surgery (B.J.), University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona; Trauma, Acute Care Surgery and Surgical Critical Care (A.S.), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine, Lubbock, Texas; Division of Acute Care Surgery, Trauma, and Surgical Critical Care (R.D.W.), University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas; Department of Surgery (S.D.B.), The John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; and Acute Care Surgery, Trauma and Surgical Critical Care (A.B.), University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky.
Submitted: February 9, 2019, Revised: April 18, 2019, Accepted: April 28, 2019, Published online: May 1, 2019.
Presented at the 32nd Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Annual Scientific Assembly, January 15–19th, 2019, in Austin, TX.
Address for reprints: Stephanie Bonne, MD, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School 150 Bergen Street, M-228 Newark, NJ 07103; email: Stephanie.firstname.lastname@example.org.
Online date: May 2, 2019