From The Department of General Thoracic Surgery (Y.S., K.M., I.S., Y.T., H.H.), Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.
Submitted: November 28, 2018, Revised: January 23, 2019, Accepted: January 25, 2019, Published online: February 1, 2019.
Parts of this work were presented at the American Thoracic Society 2016, San Francisco, CA, USA, May 13–18, 2106.
Address for reprints: Hiroshi Hamakawa, MD, PhD, The Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Kobe City Medical General Hospital, 2-2-1, Minatojimaminamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe-city, Hyogo, 650-0047, Japan; email: email@example.com.