From the University of Maryland School of Medicine (J.J.D.); John Hopkins Hospital (E.R.H.); and University of Maryland Medical Center (R.S.) Baltimore, Maryland; Marshfield Clinic (D.C.C.), Marshfield, Wisconsin; University of Texas Medical School at Houston (G.H.T.), Houston, Texas; Vanderbilt University Medical Center (M.O., R.J.), Nashville; University of Tennessee Knoxville (L.M.S.), Knoxville; University of Tennessee Medical Center (M.A.C.), Memphis, Tennessee; University of Florida (A.J.K.), Jacksonville; and Holmes Regional Medical Center (P.A.P.), Melbourne, Florida; Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine (B.R.C.), Roanoke, Virginia; School of Medicine and Dentistry (A.T.S.), University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; MethoHealth Medical Center (J.J.C.), Cleveland, Ohio; Cook County Hospital (F.B.), Chicago, Illinois; Baystate Medical Center (E.S.W.), Springfield, Massachusetts; Morristown Memorial Hospital (J.W.B.), Morristown, New Jersey; University of Kentucky Medical Center (C.L.T.), Lexington, Kentucky; and McGill University Health Centre (K.A.K.), Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Submitted: February 1, 2013, Revised: March 22, 2013, Accepted: March 25 2013, Published online: August 9, 2013.
This study was presented at the 24th Annual Scientific Assembly of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, January 25–29, 2011, in Naples, Florida.
Address for reprints: Jose J. Diaz, Jr, MD, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 South Greene St, S4D07, Baltimore MD 21201; email: email@example.com.