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Cervical Spine Injuries in Children Restrained in Forward-Facing Child Restraints: A Report of Two Cases

Howard, Andrew MD, MSc, FRCSC; McKeag, Alexandra Moses MSc; Rothman, Linda BscOT, MHSc; Mills, Dan BTech; Blazeski, Steve BEng; Chapman, Mike PhD, PEng; Hale, Ian MASc, PEng

The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care: December 2005 - Volume 59 - Issue 6 - p 1504-1506
doi: 10.1097/01.ta.0000195877.11936.4d
Case Report

From The Hospital for Sick Children (A.H., A.M., and L.R.) and Ryerson University (D.M., S.B., M.C., and I.H.), Toronto, Canada.

Submitted for publication July 16, 2003.

Accepted for publication December 17, 2004.

Work described here was supported in part by the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation grant number ONCO-00042.

Address for reprints: Dr. Andrew W. Howard, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Rm. S-107, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8; email:

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.