From the Division of Acute Care Surgery (M.S., N.O., B.E., K.I.), LAC+USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Divisions of Acute Care Surgery (C.G.B.) and Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery (C.G.B.), Foothills Medical Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (P.B.M.), Froedtert Hospital, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Division of Acute Care Surgery (B.M.), London Health Sciences Center, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario; Division of General Surgery (B.M.), University of Alberta Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta; Division of Acute Care Surgery (A.B.), St. Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto; Department of Surgery (J.L.), Hamilton General Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario; Division of Acute Care Surgery (E.J.), Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia; Division of Acute Care Surgery (S.M.), St. Joseph Hospital, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia; and Division of Acute Care Surgery (M.S.), Royal Alexandra Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Submitted: June 6, 2022, Revised: July 11, 2022, Accepted: August 1, 2022, Published online: August 16, 2022.
The TAC Bile Leaks Study Group consists of Juan Figueroa, MD; Kelly N. Vogt, MD, MSc; Kevin G. Arkko, MScPT; Tommy Stuleanu, MD; David Gomez, MD; Paul T. Engels, MD; Mina Salehi, MD; Adam Southcott, MD; and Uzair Jogiat, MD.
This study was presented at the Trauma Association of Canada (TAC) Annual Meeting, April 7–8, 2022, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jtrauma.com).
Address for correspondence: Morgan Schellenberg, MD, MPH, FRCSC, FACS, Division of Acute Care Surgery, LAC+USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, 2051 Marengo St, Inpatient Tower, C5L100, Los Angeles, CA 90033; email: [email protected].