From the Department of Surgery (R.B.L.), Brooke Army Medical Center, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, Houston; Department of Surgery, University of the Incarnate Word School of Medicine (R.N.T.), San Antonio; Department of Surgery, Vascular Surgery Service (S.E.M., D.S.K.), Brooke Army Medical Center, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, Houston, Texas; Department of Surgery, University of Maryland/R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center (J.J.D., J.J.M., T.M.S.), Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center-Houston (L.J.M., J.M.P.), Houston, Texas; Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Hospital (K.I., A.P.), Los Angeles, California; and Department of Surgery (D.S.K.), Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland.
Submitted: August 2, 2021, Revised: October 12, 2021, Accepted: October 18, 2021, Published online: November 15, 2021.
This study was accepted for Quickshot Podium Presentation at the 80th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma; October 2, 2021.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jtrauma.com).
Address for reprints: David S. Kauvar, MD, MPH, Vascular Surgery Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234; email: [email protected].