To explore the effect of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) on adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by meta-analysis.
Three databases including Cochrane central register of controlled trials, PubMed, and Wanfang Data were searched to find relevant articles. We included randomized controlled trials that evaluated NMBAs compared with placebo or usual treatment in adult patients with ARDS.
Five trials totaling 551 patients were identified eligible for inclusion. All the five trials were protective ventilation strategies based. All patients (the ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen ≤ 200 mm Hg) met American-European Consensus Conference or the Berlin definition oxygenation criteria for ARDS. Neuromuscular blocking agents significantly reduced intensive care unit mortality (relative risk, 0.73; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 0.58–0.93; p = 0.009; I 2 = 0.0%; 4 trials, 455 patients) and 21- to 28-day mortality (relative risk, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.49–0.82; p = 0.001; I 2 = 0.0%; 4 trials, 527 patients). At 48 hours, NMBAs improved oxygenation (weighted mean differences [WMD], 27.98; 95% CI, 7.45–48.51; p = 0.008; I 2 = 44.2%; 4 trials, 212 patients). However, NMBAs have no effect on reduction of oxygenation at 24 hours (WMD, 26.83; 95% CI, −5.89 to 59.55; p = 0.108; I 2 = 82.4%; 4 trials, 447 patients), and plateau pressure (WMD, 0.43; 95% CI, −0.46 to 1.31; p = 0.345; 4 trials, 455 patients) as well as positive end expiratory pressure (WMD, 0.10; 95% CI, −0.47 to 0.67; p = 0.73; 4 trials, 455 patients) at 48 hours.
Protective ventilation strategies based NMBAs treatment reduces mortality in patients with moderate to severe ARDS.
Systematic reviews & meta-analysis, level III.
From the Department of Surgery (W.T.), Department of Anesthesiology (L-Q.Y., J.G.), and Department of Outpatient (J.S.), Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China.
Submitted: May 7, 2018, Accepted: August 15, 2018, Published online: September 6, 2018.
Address for reprints: Wei Tao, Department of Surgery, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, No. 98, Nantong West Road, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Jun Shao, Department of Outpatient, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, No. 98, Nantong West Rd, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China; email: Sbrm_88@aliyun.com.