From the Division of Traumatology, Surgical Clinical Care and Emergency Surgery (Y.S., S.M.A., C.J., R.L., L.J.K., J.L.P.), Department of Neurosurgery, Center for Brain Injury and Repair (Y.S., S.M.A., C.J., K.D.B., J.C., M.T.W., V.E.J., D.H.S., J.L.P.), University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine (K.N.), Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
Submitted: December 1, 2017, Revised: April 16, 2018, Accepted: April 19, 2018, Published online: May 22, 2018.
Oral presentation at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for Surgery of Trauma, January 9–13, 2018 at Lake Buena Vista, Florida.
Address for reprints: Jose L. Pascual, MD, PhD, Division of Traumatology, Surgical Clinical Care and Emergency Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Rm 108, 1st Floor Suite 120, Medical Office Bldg, 51N 39th St, Philadelphia, PA 19104; email: [email protected].