From the Department of Anesthesiology (J.L.P., K.T.M., GF.), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Program in Trauma (R.F., R.E.R.), R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center; U.S. Air Force Center for the Sustainment of Trauma and Readiness Skills (R.F.); Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology (A.C.P.), Department of Emergency Medicine (R.E.R.), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore; and School of Engineering (W.L.F., U.L.H.), University of Maryland College Park, College Park, Maryland.
Submitted: January 4, 2017, Revised: February 27, 2017, Accepted: March 2, 2017. Published online: April 27, 2017.
This study was presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Military Health Sciences Research Symposium, August 15–17, 2016, in Kissimmee, Florida.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jtrauma.com).
Address for reprints: Gary Fiskum, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 685W. Baltimore St., 5.34 MSTF Baltimore, MD 21201; email: [email protected].