From the Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery (O.A.O., B.K.Y., Z.C., J.M.H., E.D., A.H.H., J.D.G., A.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; and Center for Surgery and Public Health (O.A.O., Z.C., A.R.-D., D.M., J.M.H., A.H.H., A.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
Submitted: December 1, 2015, Revised: February 17, 2016, Accepted: February 19, 2016, Published online: March 25, 2016.
This study was presented at the 29th annual scientific assembly of the Eastern Association for Surgery of Trauma, San Antonio, Texas, January 12–16, 2016.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jtrauma.com).
Address for reprints: Olubode A. Olufajo, MD, MPH, Division of Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115; email: [email protected].