From the Department of Surgery (V.J.U.P., J.W., K.F., M.R.C., M.A.S.), Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Biostatistics (B.L.), University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Department of Surgery (D.T.M.), University of California San Francisco-East Bay, Oakland; and Division of Trauma & Critical Care (K.I.), University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Division of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care (J.D.K.), University of Alabama (C.W.), Tuscaloosa, Alabama; Center for Translational Injury Research (C.E.W., B.A.C., D.J.D.J., E.E.F., J.B.H.), Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical School, and Division of Biostatistics (B.C.T.), School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; Shock Trauma Center (T.M.S.), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Submitted: September 7, 2015, Revised: October 27, 2015, Accepted: November 9, 2015, Published online: January 21, 2016.
This study was presented at the 74th annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, September 9–12, 2015, in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The opinions or conclusions contained herein are the private views of the authors and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of any sponsor. This article has been reviewed by the PROPPR Publication Committee for scientific content and consistency of data interpretation with previous PROPPR publications.
Address for reprints: Vicente J. Undurraga Perl, MD, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Portland, OR 97239–3098; email: [email protected].